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CHERRY (PRUNUS AVIUM)


Cherries (Turkish: Kiraz), grow on trees which originate in the South Caucasus, the Caspian Sea and Northeastern Anatolia. They grow in the region between Eastern Europe and Western Asia. In Turkey, originating in Northern Anatolia, cherries today are generally grown in the north in areas near the coast, and inland, in valleys. Cool weather during the time the fruits are ripening assures the highest-quality fruit.  In Ancient times, the tree was brought to Greece and from there made its way into Europe. There are red, yellow-pink, scarlet and deep red forms of cherries. The most common varieties in Turkey are the karabodur (black dwarf), dalbastı (pressing on the bough) and Napolyon (Napoleon, a Bing type). Because of their very high quality, Turkish cherries are in high demand throughout the world, and are sold chiefly to Germany, followed by England, Austria, the Netherlands and Russia.

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