BLACK SOUR CHERRY – MORELLO CHERRY (PRUNUS CERASUS)
Bearing a tarter fruit than cherries, and in mid-summer, the Morello Cherry (Turkish: vişne) is also in the rose family (Rosaceae). Various sources indicate that sour black cherries originate in the region between Northern Iran and Turkmenistan, and spread from there to Europe. Sour black cherry trees may reach heights of 5-7 meters. The begin bearing in their fourth year and live from 40-50 years. The tree’s botanical name, Prunus cerasus, originates in the city of Kerasus (modern-day Giresun) on Turkey’s Black Sea coast. The differences between cherries and black sour cherries are not limited to their fruit. Black sour cherry leaves are smaller than those of cherries, and the tree is more densely branched.
Some selected examples (please click on pictures to enlarge):