ARCHAEOLOGY

ARCHITECTURE

FINE ARTS

TRADITIONAL ARTS

CERAMIC ART

TEXTILE ARTS

CARPETS AND KILIMS

LIFESTYLE

CULINARY ARTS

MUSIC

PERFORMING ARTS

LITERATURE

PHILOSOPHERS

MILITARY

GENERAL

NATURE

THE ANTIQUE OTTOMAN MACES

A mace with a ball shaped heavy head (topuz) was a sign of military authority as well as a weapon used by Turks from the earliest times.

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